They say you have a 1 in 10,000,000 chance of winning the lottery.Well, today is my lucky day, because I just won – yeah baby!! Okay….maybe I didn't actually win. We're just going to pretend I did for the sake of this post. 🙂 I once had a client ask me, “Jeff, if you had a million dollars, how would you invest it?” I’m not one who is usually into playing these games of pretend. Sure, as a kid, I loved to pretend that I was He-Man and that the big cardboard box in our basement was Castle Grayskull. “I have the power!” <<<He-man quote. Fellas, don't pretend like you don't remember that! Haha…. But those days of “pretend” are long gone. That is, until today. Today’s post is merely for the fun of it. I'm pretending that I hit the jackpot and walked away with a cool mil. For this pretend exercise, we’ll say that I’m netting a million dollars, and I have all of it to invest. Just so we’re clear, this is not investment advice, so don’t take it as such. And just in case that isn't clear enough, read here. You have been warned.
How would I invest a million bucks?In going through this pretend exercise, I'll also try to walk you through it as if you won the money, too. At least in the beginning. After the first couple steps, then it's all me. Let's begin….
Hello Mr. Check!The big day arrives, and you finally receive your check: a big, fat $1,000,000. You drool over the zeros and the commas. You've never seen a bigger check in your entire life. You take a second to breathe it in. You want to whisper nice things to the check, like, “Oh, check, you're so amazing”. Don’t worry, no one’s watching. I’d probably do it too. 🙂 Did you know you might be able to actually retire with $1 million? While it’s better if you have some time to invest the money instead of using it for retirement, it’s actually possible to retire with $1 million. Take a few minutes to read my case study right here on GoodFinancialCents.com: [Case Study] Can You Retire Early with Only 1 Million Dollars? Even after you read that though, you may wonder if 1 million dollars is really enough to retire on. After all, the people in that case study actually had other assets in their favor. You may be wondering if you can actually retire with 2 million dollars! Well, I wrote that case study too. Check it out on Forbes: Can You Retire With $2 Million? After reading through these case studies, you’ll understand why it’s so important to make sure you invest the money to keep up with inflation – especially if you’re a long way from retirement. You’ll also want to learn about some strategies to lower your risk . . . more on that in a little bit. So what's the first step?
Step 1: NothingOkay, so here’s the first thing you do if you were to obtain $1,000,000 (or any large amount of money for that matter). Nothing. What do you mean nothing? I mean nothing. You sit on it. You sit on it for at least three, preferably six months, this is the best advice I can give for any large lump of money, even if you ask what to do with 500000 dollars! Sit on it, and save that money! People tend to make rash decisions when they’re hit with a windfall of unexpected money. Most people’s tax refunds are spent before they’ve even got it. We don’t want this to happen with the $1,000,000. Need a place to park all that cash so you won't do anything to it? The first place I would look to is a group of Certificates of Deposit (CDs) or an online savings account. Going with CDs helps put an additional barrier between you and making a poor decision, because you are penalized for any withdrawals from the CD before it matures. An online savings account gives you more flexibility at the risk that you will withdraw the money to go on a spending spree. You can get the highest interest rates for Certificates of Deposit and Online Savings Accounts at online banks, like our favorites Capital One 360 and EverBank. (And since they are online, you should be able to bank with them no matter what state you live in. Or decide to buy your mansion in. Whichever.) I was once referred to a couple who received a $1.5 million dollar settlement. I told them the exact advice above. Did they listen? No! Within the first 3 months of getting the money, they bought a brand new home, 2 new cars, gave their church $50k (I'm cool with this one and you'll soon see below), gave several different relatives $10k a piece, AND they quit their jobs. I was floored. We are NOT going to do what this couple did. Even investing in smaller amounts, even as small as investing with 1000 dollars or what to do with $20000, needs more thought put into it than this!
Step 2. Let’s Talk DebtYou have debt; we’re going to pay it off. Are we going to pay off all the debt? Not necessarily. You’ve been lucky to lock in a 30-year mortgage at less than 4% in the last couple of years, there’s no sense paying that off. That’s cheap money. We could talk about making double payments at a later time, but for the mere sake of paying off your principal, I don’t think it’s necessary. Credit card debt gone, wouldn't it be nice to not have those pesky $100 credit card bills rolling in each month, rather you could start investing with 100 dollars instead of putting it toward that credit card that keeps gaining interest! Department store card gone. Student loan debt….. That’s a tough one, too. I’m leaning more towards paying it off. I’ll let you decide. Any other debt that has double-digit interest rates, gone. Pay it off and be done with it. Just because you paid off the debt does not give you the right or permission to go out and charge more debt. You just won a million dollars for pete's sake; why would you need more credit cards?! Need help with developing a debt payoff plan? Check out our post on the top 11 personal finance software. One free product to look at from that list: Personal Capital You really shouldn't need a piece of software to help you pay off your debt when you've just been handed a check for $1,000,000… but just in case, it doesn't hurt to take a look. Personal Capital will help you put all your accounts (debts and assets) into one place. This way you can make a real plan for all of your money.
Step 3: Boost up your emergency fund.As you have a large influx of cash, why not keep at least 18 to 24 months of monthly expenses in a high-yield Money Market account? Think of it as the Ultimate Emergency Fund. Best places to hold that huge sum? Online banks like Capital One 360and EverBank. Or, you might throw it into a Certificate of Deposit with Discover Bank. It’s probably more cash than you’ve had in your entire life sitting there doing nothing, but that’s okay. You’ve now turned a new leaf. It’s a new you, so enjoy it.
Step 4: Give it AwayYou'll notice that I didn’t refer to myself in any of the above. That’s because other than a mortgage and a car note, we have no debt. If I had $1,000,000 to invest, I would not have any debt to worry about being paid off, plus our mortgage is a 15-year 3.375% and we’re making extra payments. I’m not in a hurry to pay that off. Our emergency fund currently is between 12 and 18 months for household expenses. Once again, I’m okay there. So, what do you do? Now, this is more for me and my background, so don’t feel like you have to oblige, but the first thing I would spend out of the million is give 10% straight to our church, otherwise known as a tithe. Yes, I would write a check for $100,000 to our church straight off the top. You might call “BS” on this. You might think I’m just saying that to sound like a good Christian. If I was writing this post a year ago, it would be hard for me to try to argue that. You can even watch this video, where a couple of years ago I thought a client of mine was nuts for wanting to keep tithing while trying to pay off debt. In the past year, my wife and I have finally, and I mean finally, started tithing where we give 10% of our gross income to our church. It took us awhile to finally grasp the concept, but we've finally got it. Would it be a hard check to write? Uhhhh, YES!!! But I believe that our church and God’s will can do much more with it than I could.
Step 5: Peer to peer lending.This might come as a shock to many readers, especially because I’m a “financial planner.” Maybe you think I would buy stocks, maybe you think I would buy mutual funds. I would, but I would actually start with peer to peer lending. How much? A very good chunk. I would put $250,000 into both Lending Club and Prosper, splitting them in half, so $125,000 a pop. I initially started a lending club account back in 2008, and to this day I’m averaging about 9%. Not too shabby and, with reinvestment, an easy way to make money without having to manage it all the time. For the sake of diversification, I would try both. Sitting on 8% to 9% yield with very little volatility, or as some planners refer to it, standard deviation, is pretty hard to beat. If you are interested in a more technical breakdown head over to my review of Lending Club and Prosper review to see how you can leverage their offerings to your benefit.
Step 6: Bonds, bonds, and more bonds.To say that this interest rate environment has been an interesting one over the last couple of years is an understatement. Trying to get a high yield on a bond these days is about as realistic as trying to get an In-and-Out Burger in the Midwest. It ain’t going to happen! Instead of assuming that interest rates are something to brag about, I thought I would tackle this area of investing as if interest rates were somewhat normal. If you’re curious, I define “normal” as you can go out and get a one-year CD paying you something north of 3%. In that case, I definitely would have a larger percentage of municipal bonds, the tax-free kind, in my portfolio. In addition, I would also add some short to intermediate corporate bonds, some mortgage-backed securities, and perhaps some bank loans and convertible bonds as well, but I'd allocate about $250,000 to this piece of the pie. What type of bonds would I buy? Frankly I’m lazy, so I wouldn’t do the time or research to choose individual bonds. It’d be too much of a headache. I lean more towards the mutual fund side of things. There are a lot of good mutual fund bond funds that have done really well over the last several years. Just to diversify, I would also consider buying some bond ETF’s. This piece of my portfolio is meant to be the boring part that makes me want to yawn when I think about it. Plus, this makes the wifey happy because she doesn't have to worry about me making any stupid stock picks. Been there, done that, too many times.
Step 7: Actively Managed Mutual Funds.Let it be known that I’m not a passive investor. Indexing is personally something I’m not a big fan of. Disagree? That’s cool. We can have a debate another time. So with $100k, I would allocate it to 10 to 12 different mutual funds. I anticipate that the allocation will be somewhere in the 60% to 70% stock range, with the rest being in bonds. Notice how heavy I am in my bonds? How ironic for a guy in his mid-30s to be so conservative? Seeing previous younger clients receive big inheritances and how they are more interested in protecting vs. growing is a contributor to me feeling this way. I'm almost positive I would be just the same with most of the funds. Another option I would consider is Betterment. Even though they use passively managed ETF's, they do make active changes to their portfolio. You can get more information about them at our Betterment.com Review page!
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